What is Cholesterol and How to Prevent it? - HowToBei

What is Cholesterol and How to Prevent it?

What is Cholesterol and How to Prevent it?


High cholesterol levels is a concern mainly because it increases the potential risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. While not the only risk factor, it's a significant one. Other risk factors include family history of coronary artery disease, smoking, overweight, high blood pressure degree, physical inactivity, stress, and raised C reactive protein.
To reduce risk, it's significant to address any of those risk factors. The focus of this article, however, has been on reducing cholesterol especially. Types of Cholesterol - Cholesterol has been a phrase that is relevant to a number of distinct substances in the blood, a few of which increase the potential risk of coronary artery disease and a few which lower the risk.

Cholesterol is a type of lipid. It’s a waxy, fat-like substance that your liver produces naturally. It’s vital for the formation of cell membranes, certain hormones, and vitamin D.

Cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water, so it can’t travel through your blood on its own. To help transport cholesterol, your liver produces lipoproteins.

Lipoproteins are particles made from fat and protein. They carry cholesterol and triglycerides (another type of lipid) through your bloodstream. The two major forms of lipoprotein are low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

If your blood contains too much LDL cholesterol (cholesterol carried by low-density lipoprotein), it’s known as high cholesterol. When left untreated, high cholesterol can lead to many health problems, including heart attack or stroke.

How To Lower Cholesterol

Chemical drugs are often an option for people who want to reduce cholesterol levels quickly.
However, chemical drugs sometimes cause side effects and even cause other health problems.

There are other ways that are safer and more effective in reducing cholesterol levels in the body.

This method has a good long-term effect to control your body's cholesterol levels, namely by dieting.

Change your diet to avoid high cholesterol levels.

1. Fruit and vegetables

Fruit and vegetables

All kinds of fruits and vegetables are healthy foods because they contain vitamins and minerals, do not contain fat and are low in calories.

Apart from being low in calories, fruits and vegetables are also a rich source of fiber which is useful for binding cholesterol and removing it from the body.

Eating fruits and vegetables on a regular basis is believed to reduce cholesterol levels and keep someone away from the risk of heart disease and stroke.

2. Lean meat

Lean meat

Try consuming lean meat such as turkey, chicken and fish into a list of low cholesterol foods.
However, if you still want to consume red meat, try the cooking process properly and specifically to reduce fat and cholesterol levels.

3. Grains


As much as possible avoid white flour products, except grains and cereals in food.

White flour has a high amount of carbohydrates and consumption of foods like this can increase cholesterol in the body.

Grains are known to have high energy and dietary fiber content.

In addition, cereal grains and nuts, brown bread, pasta, and potatoes also help reduce cholesterol levels.

4. Low-fat milk

Low-fat milk

On the market today it's easy to find skim milk products or low-fat dairy products.

Many high cholesterol sufferers avoid dairy products altogether, even though milk is beneficial for health.

Therefore, people with high cholesterol should still consume milk, which is low-fat milk.

5. Unsaturated oil

Unsaturated oil

Avoid saturated fats if you have started a low-cholesterol diet like those found in some products such as butter, margarine, and oils that contain saturated fats.

To replace it, try consuming fish oil 3-4 times a week to help reduce cholesterol levels.

Want to know more about foods that are suitable for cholesterol sufferers? Read too: Healthy Food For People With High Cholesterol

If you want to fry food, use olive oil for the cooking process because olive oil is rich in monounsaturated fats and polyphenols, compounds that can reduce inflammation in the body and reduce the risk of blood clots.

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